A Cataract is a clouding of the normally clear natural lens of the eye. This clouding is usually due to the aging process but can also be caused by eye trauma, medications, and hereditary disease. Cataracts typically result in blurred vision, glare and light sensitivity.
Human eye is like a camera. The lens of a camera focuses light on the film. The lens of your eye focuses light and image on the retina which is the part of the eye that enables us to see the images. If the lens in the camera is dirty, then the picture will be hazy and blurred. A cataract causes the image focusing on the retina to be blurred in the same manner. Cataracts usually develop over several years. At the beginning Cataract may cause few problems, but as the cloudiness increases through the lens, you begin having difficulty seeing and have difficulty with activity of daily living like reading and driving.
The best way to treat cataract is to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with a clear artificial lens. Cataract Surgery is one of the most successful surgeries performed each year in the United States. About 95 percent of all cataract surgeries result in an improvement in vision. At South Florida Laser Eye Center we use the latest technique known as Phacoemulsification (Phaco) or Small Incision Surgery.
The surgery is performed through 2.4 mm incision under topical anesthesia. Once the cataract is removed, a permanent artificial lens will be placed inside the eye. When your procedure is completed, you leave the operating room without a patch and actually able to see. In time, your vision improves and you should be able to resume your daily activity in 24 hours.